Ginger is the knotted underground stem (rhizome) of the plant Zingiber officinale. Ginger belong to same family of plants as turmeric, cardamom and galanga ( Thai ginger) plants. Ginger is primarily grown in Asia and tropical regions around the world.
Ginger is a common and popular ingredient in cooking, especially in Indian and Asian cuisine and is commonly used as a unique fragrant spice or flavoring agent in cooking . Fresh raw Ginger is an important ingredient in variety of Asian cuisines like curry based Indian vegetables, lentils (Indian Dals), soups, noodles, rice and stews. Pickled ginger is many times offered with sushi as a palate cleanser. Ginger is also used to make ginger lemon tea or added to the tea to impart a unique flavor. This unique flavor also lends it to be used in smoothies, lemonades, cocktails, cookies and even certain confectionery items like bread and biscuits. Being fragrant, It also finds use as a herbal ingredient in some varieties of soaps, shampoos, oils used for massaging, perfumes etc.
Ginger has many well established and amazing health benefits . It has been used since ages for its medicinal values and as a home remedy for minor ailments. Many times it is used at home for various common ailments like nausea, indigestion coughs and colds. People from ancient times have traditionally used ginger as a medicinal agent. It has been part of treatment in many traditional and holistic systems of medicine like Ayurveda and Unani in India, Chinese, Japanese and other traditional medicinal systems. The constituents of ginger have demonstrated anti-inflammatory, anti tumour and anti oxidant effects in several scientific studies.
Fully Mature ginger rhizomes are almost dry and fibrous. Ginger is used in fresh raw form or is died and used in powder form or even as ginger juice or oil. Fresh ginger is generally peeled before use. Ginger has unique strong and sharp aroma and adds a distinct spicy flavor to food and drinks.
Nutritional Information: Ginger
|Ginger Root raw 100 g|
|Total lipid (fat)||g||0.75|
|Carbohydrate, by difference||g||17.77|
|Fiber, total dietary||g||2|
|Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid||mg||5|
|Fatty acids, total saturated||g||0.203|
|Fatty acids, total monounsaturated||g||0.154|
|Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated||g||0.154|
|Fatty acids, total trans||g||0|
Health Benefits of Ginger
Ginger has long been known for its anti inflammatory properties. This belief has been tested by some scientific clinical studies. As reported in some studies, ginger reduces the inflammation marker CRP ( C-reactive protein) in the blood. C-reactive protein (CRP), Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and plasma viscosity (PV) blood tests are commonly used to detect increase in protein in the blood.and are used as markers of inflammation. Ginger blocks the inflammation- and pain-causing COX enzymes akin to the commonly used medicines, Asiprin & Advil (Ibuprofen). Ginger is believed to boost the immune system and heal the body from within and thus is anti-inflammatory in nature.
2. Colds, Cough & Sore Throat
Ginger is considered a natural cure for a sore throat, coughs, and colds, Ginger is often used as a sore-throat remedy and Ginger tea made from boiled water with ginger and lemon or normal milk tea added with grated fresh ginger is quite popular. Many times Ginger and honey are taken together to sooth a sore throat and prevent urge to cough frequently. . one can make his own ginger tea by steeping grated ginger in boiled water and add lemon or milk as per your taste. It is a natural cure for a sore throat, coughs, and colds. Ginger juice and ginger chews are other home remedies, often given to alleviate cough and colds
3. Aids in Upset Stomach & Digestion
Ginger has long been used to cleanse the digestive system and alleviate digestive problems. Ginger is many times part of appetizers as it is believed to stimulate appetite and has many compounds that improve the absorption of nutrients and minerals from the food. Ginger is said to aid saliva flow and thus helps in digestion. Ginger aids the movement of food through the gastrointestinal tract. This reduces wind, bloating and acidity. It also activates the taste buds resulting in increased secretion of digestive juices . One can make your own ginger tea by steeping grated ginger in boiled water.
4. Good for Diabetics
Ginger has been shown to help reduce blood sugar levels and help regulate insulin response in people with diabetes. Some Research studies have indicated that gingerols which are active component of ginger can increase uptake of glucose into muscle cells without using insulin, and thus offers benefits in the management of high blood sugar levels.
5. Promotes Weight-Loss
Ginger can promote weight loss by its positive impact on metabolism. Ginger tea is a good way to feel fuller and is a natural appetite suppressant. Ginger and Lemon drink is considered to be helpful for weight Loss.
6. Relieves Nausea
Ginger helps in curing nausea and vomiting. more so connected with morning sickness in pregnancy. It has long been used as a preventive measure to combat motion sickness and seasickness. It can relieve the symptoms of nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing chemotherapy or have have undergone surgeries. There is good amount of evidence for the beneficial effects of dry powdered rhizome on a number of conditions related to nausea and vomiting.
A University of Miami study concluded that ginger extract had a moderate impact on reducing knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. The ginger extract reduced pain and stiffness in knee joints by 40 percent over the placebo and caused with mostly mild GI adverse events.
8. Remedy for Skin Disorders & Psoriasis
Ginger is considered to be beneficial in a range of health problems related to chronic inflammation. Ginger may help ease psoriasis symptoms in some people since psoriasis is also an inflammatory skin condition.
9. Ability to Prevent Several Diseases
Ginger is considered a natural antibiotic as it exhibits anti microbial properties with ability to fight many strains of bacteria. Ginger rhizome contains several constituents which have antibacterial and anti fungal effects. Intake of dietary ginger can lower the chances of developing bacterial infections Ginger extracts have demonstrated anti-tumour activity.
10. Anticoagulant-blood thinning properties
A chemical compund ‘Gingerol’ found in Ginger has a similar structure to acetyl salicylic acid,. Thus ginger like aspirin reduces platelet aggregation and its anti-thrombotic properties. Ginger thus acts as a natural blood thinner. an prevent formation of clots lead to heart attack or stroke.